Ancora medicinal para conservar a vida com saúde
Francisco da Fonseca Henriques
He excelled in the treatment of syphilis, medical hydrology and obstetrics. He also is remembered as hygienist and nutritionist. Among all his published books, we highlight the medical treat called "Medicina lusitana" (1710), the book "Aquilégio Medicinal" (1726), in which he describes all the thermal waters, springs, rivers, wells, ponds and cisterns existing in Portugal, and finally, the most important is "Anchora medicinal para conservar a vida com saúde", published in 1721, 1731, 1754 and 1769.
Editor: Lisboa, Officina Augustiniana
Year of edition: 1731
The book is structured according to the current diet of that time, where the author describes food characteristics, nutritional, hygienic and medicinal properties. In general, the book explains what the author meant by a healthy lifestyle and how to put it into practice. Also was written a brief note of the scientific names of plants, animals and fish.
About the conservation of health, the doctor organized the book into five sessions. The following subjects are highlighted: The air we breathe, where he analyses the importance of breathing good air; The eating, with the description of each food such as meat, fish, vegetables, fruits and condiments, also including its basic qualities (hot or cold, dry or moist) and its medicinal virtues; The drinking, where water, wine and other food and medicine drinks such as brandy, chocolate, tea, coffee, beer, cider and mead are described; The sleep and the wake, reinforcing the need of good sleep; The movement and the rest, once physical exercise was already considered important; The excretory system, that needs to work well; The soul’s passions, that could modify physical harmony. For all this, it’s a fundamental book for any historical study about the food of the 18th century.